N-to-D movement in compounds
Marijke De Belder
April 2022
 

In this article I argue that Dutch has referential compounds: compounds with a referential non-head, even though that claim seems to be a contradictio in terminis. They resemble the Dutch s-possessive in that their non-heads involve movement to a referential layer. However, unlike the possessive structures, the compounding structure contains head incorporation which results in word-hood. The referential compound is therefore an instance of the fourth logical possibility according to the two parameters defined by Borer (2011) for N-N combinations: compounding versus constructs and modificational structures versus referential ones. The article further discusses title expressions, such as prince Charles, which are argued to be referential construct states. Together with the syntactic structure of titles plus proper names, the referential compounds further contribute evidence to the idea that a ban on N-to-D movement for certain uniquely referring roots, such as sun and Bronx is extra-syntactic.
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Reference: lingbuzz/006570
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keywords: dutch; compounding; n-to-d movement, referentiality; longobardi; borer, morphology
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