Epiphenomenal and true non-iterative harmony
Adam McCollum
September 2021

The formal status of non-iterativity has been debated since the beginnings of generative phonology. Accounting for non-iterative harmony in derivational models prompted various proposals concerning the simultaneity and directionality of rule application (e.g. Johnson 1972; Howard 1972; Jensen & Stong-Jensen 1973; Kenstowicz & Kisseberth 1977: Ch. 5). Generally, derivational models encode (non-)iterativity directly via a rule feature/parameter [±iterative] (e.g. Archangeli & Pulleyblank 1994). However, non-iterativity is more challenging to formalize in OT, as discussed by Kisseberth (2007) and Kaplan (2008). In fact, Kaplan (2008) contends that non-iterativity is always emergent, and as a result, should not receive a direct formal account in OT. Instead, non-iterativity should be derivable from independent factors. This chapter examines Kaplan’s claim, arguing that non-iterativity is not always derivable from independent factors, and as a result, requires a formal account in all formal models of phonology.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/006233
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: to appear in the Oxford Handbook of Vowel Harmony
keywords: iterativity; vowel harmony; phonology; rules, phonology
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