Sibilant Harmony in Santiago Tz'utujil (Mayan)
Paulina Lyskawa, Rodrigo Ranero
March 2021

We analyze sibilant harmony in the Santiago Atitlán dialect of Tz’utujil (Mayan), a phenomenon that was briefly described by Dayley (1985). Novel data show that the obligatory harmony process (i) is asymmetrical (triggered only by [+ant] sibilants), (ii) progressive, and (iii) applies long-distance. Furthermore, we argue that the process is not stem-controlled. In contextualizing the phenomenon within the typology of sibilant harmony (Hansson 2010), we conclude that it is unique. Finally, we suggest that Santiago Tz’utujil sibilant harmony has been stable diachronically because the target segment /ʃ/ is always in the stressed syllable, thus being salient in the input during acquisition.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/005784
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: Proceedings of the 2021 LSA Annual Meeting; DOI:
keywords: sibilant harmony; consonantal harmony; progressive harmony; phonology; typology; morphology; mayan; tz’utujil; k’ichean, morphology, phonology
previous versions: v2 [March 2021]
v1 [February 2021]
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