On the Distribution of Consonants and Vowels in Pattern N2 of Disyllabic Base Words of Contemporary Hawaiian
Nina Pilszczikowa Chodak
April 2021
 

The Pattern N2 in Hawaiian contains 194 disyllabic base words, which have long vowels in both syllables. These 194 words were divided into three groups: one with initial voiceless obstruents: /',h,k,p /, the other with initial voiced sonorants: /l,m,n,w/ and the third one without an initial consonant: C1= O1. It turned out that most words: 131 out of 194 begin with a voiceless obstruent /',h,k, p /, 55 words begin with a voiced sonorant: /l,m,n,w /, and 9 words do not have an initial consonant: C1=O1. Voiceless obstruents prevail at the beginning of words in Pattern N2 with both vowels long. Special attention was paid to the distinctive feathure [+grave], which is usually attributed to back vowels /o and u/ and to the labial, velar/glottal articulation of consonants such as: /w,m,h,k,p /.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/005709
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keywords: distribution, voiced, voiceless, consonants, grave, sonorants, obstruents, long vowels, short vowels, open-syllable language, word-patterns, diphthongs, phonology
previous versions: v1 [June 2020]
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