One language, two ‘voice’ systems: Insights from Puyuma
Victoria Chen, Shin Fukuda
September 2020

Much recent work has linked Kratzerian Voice to a typologically unusual four-way voice system found in Western Austronesian. For these researchers, Voice, together with two flavors of applicative heads, enable a wide range of phrases to be promoted to the phase edge of VoiceP and check structural case with T, giving rise to a cross-linguistically rare four-way voice system (e.g. Maclachlan 1996; Aldridge 2004, 2012, 2017; see also Rackowski 2002 and Rackowski & Richards 2005 for a similar approach). In this view, Austronesian-type voice is essentially similar to the active/passive alternation, with Voice being the core semi-functional head behind both types of systems. In this paper, we argue instead that Austronesian-type voice is fundamentally different from Kratzerian Voice. Support for this claim comes from new data from Puyuma, an understudied Western Austronesian language that displays both an Austronesian-type four-way voice distinction and a two-way voice contrast akin to the Indo-European-style active/passive alternation. We show that these two voice types can co-occur in a single language because each is hosted in a distinct functional projection (the latter within VoiceP; the former in the C domain). We argue accordingly what has been termed 'voice' in the literature does not form a homogeneous group.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/005426
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: To appear in Proceedings of WCCFL38
keywords: puyuma, voice, philippine-type voice, austronesian-type voice, detransitive, mirror principle, agreement, morphology, syntax
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