Tackling the Augmentative Puzzle in Turkish
Utku Türk
June 2020
 

This paper deals with the suffix -CIk in Turkish and argues that the suffix -CIk has an augmentative meaning, as well as a diminutive meaning which has been mentioned in the literature extensively. The different meanings of the suffix -CIk are due to two different structures that I propose. While the structure of the diminutive is made of one single morpheme -CIk, that of the augmentative suffix is composed of two morphemes: -CI and -k. I offer phonotactic and morphological evidence that shows -k has its own life. I also show strict categorical selection properties for the diminutive and augmentative suffix: The augmentative one can only be attached to adjectival bases that express negative orderings. The diminutive -CIk, on the other hand, attaches to nouns. I capture this contrast using the nanosyntax model of spellout.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/005296
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: Proceedings of TU+5
keywords: adjective, augmentative, scalar, gradability, nanosyntax, morphology, syntax
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