Mobile Affixes Across Western Armenian Conflicts Across Modules
Nikita Bezrukov, Hossep Dolatian
December 2019

Studying affix order concerns understanding the principles behind affix placement. In this paper, we document our fieldwork results on mobile affixes in Armenian. We focus on four Armenian lects: Standard Western, Hamshen, Gyumri, and Akhalkalaki. We focus on the imperfect indicative which is shared across the four lects but has a divergent distribution across them. Diachronically, the INDC affix was a prefix in Middle Armenian, and in most modern Western Armenian lects like Standard Western. But in some dialects, the affix is mobile and its placement is determined by phonological, syntactic, and prosodic factors. In Hamshen, the only factor is phonological. The morpheme is a prefix in V-initial words and a suffix elsewhere. In Gyumri and Akhalkalkali, there are additional syntactic factors involved. In general, C-initial verbs take the suffix but can exceptionally take the prefix under specific syntactic conditions. In Akhalkalaki, affix order is additionally influenced from sentential prosody. The morpheme can leave the verb and cliticize onto the stressed constituent.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/005017
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: Penn Working Papers in Linguistics
keywords: armenian, mobile affix, mobile clitic, clitic, affix order, linearization, allomorphy, focus, information structure, morphology, syntax, phonology
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