Composure and composition
Maria Esipova
January 2020

This paper focuses on the ability of expressives integrated into larger utterances to convey the speaker's feelings that are not linked to anything in those utterances. Such apparently non-compositional uses of expressives raise the questions of (i) how these expressives integrate into the host utterance at various levels of representation, and (ii) what licenses this apparent non-compositionality. Regarding (i), I develop a typology of attitudinal expressions and their meaning components based on how they integrate into larger utterances that includes spoken expressions from English and Russian as well as various "secondary modality" ways of conveying feelings, namely, facial expressions, gestures, and prosody. Regarding (ii), I propose that apparent non-compositionality of expressives is linked to immediacy of the emotional experience they serve as an outlet for. I also show how the different integration patterns of attitudinal expressions as well as the link between immediacy and apparent non-compositionality can be captured in Potts's (2007) expressive semantics.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/005003
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: Submitted to 'Semantics & Pragmatics'
keywords: composition, expressives, attitudinal expressions, non-restricting modifiers, supplements, degree modifiers, facial expressions, gestures, prosody, semantics
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