Headless relative clauses in Iliatenco Meꞌphaa
Philip Duncan, Harold Torrence
February 2019

This paper documents the morphosyntactic and semantic properties of headless relative clauses in a variety of Meꞌphaa spoken in Iliatenco, Guerrero, Mexico. Meꞌphaa possesses four types of headless relative clauses, which can be divided into two groups: those introduced by wh-expressions (free relative clauses), and those not introduced by wh-expressions. The former type is comprised of three varieties: maximal free relative clauses, which are largely productive, existential free relative clauses, which are limited to a few wh-expressions, and free choice free relative clauses, which are introduced by ájndo ‘until’. The second type of headless relative clause is simply introduced by a relativizer/subordinator. Nearly all Meꞌphaa wh-expressions participate in some or all kinds of free relative clauses. However, the inanimate argument wh-expression dí(ne) ‘what’ seems to be robustly impermissible in such constructions.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/004455
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: to appear in Headless Relative Clauses in Mesoamerican Languages
keywords: relative clauses, headless relative clauses, free relatives, meꞌphaa, mesoamerican languages, syntax, semantics
previous versions: v1 [February 2019]
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