Morphological Reflexes of Subject Extraction in Caquinte
Nico Baier, Zachary O'Hagan
October 2018

We investigate morphological reflexes of Ā-dependencies in Caquinte, a Kampa Arawak language of southeastern Peru spoken by less than 500 people (Castillo Ramírez 2017; Swift 1988). The language displays three such reflexes in extraction contexts: (i) anti-agreement, the loss of agreement with an extracted subject or object; (ii) a dedicated exponent of irrealis; and (iii) a special form of aspect marking in intransitive subject extraction contexts. We argue that these morphological effects are best analyzed as a form wh-agreement. Specifically, we show that (i)-(iii) fall out straightforwardly from Baier’s (2018) analysis of anti-agreement as morphological impoverishment triggered by Ā-features, followed by insertion of a less specified morpheme.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/004286
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: To appear in the proceedings of WSCLA 23
keywords: extraction, anti-agreement, aspect, reality status, voice, transitivity, impoverishment, feature sharing, conditional allomorphy, caquinte, arawak, amazonia, syntax
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