The lexical semantics of derived statives
Andrew J. Koontz-Garboden
February 2011
 

This paper investigates the semantics of derived statives, deverbal adjectives that fail to entail there to have been a preceding (temporal) event of the kind named by the verb they are derived from, e.g.darkened in a darkened portion of skin. Building on Gawron’s (2009) recent observations regarding the semantics of extent uses of change of state verbs (e.g., Kim’s skin darkens between the knee and the calf) and Kennedy and Levin’s (2008) theory of change, it is shown, contrary to previous analyses, that a fully compositional semantic analysis is possible, and thus that there is no argument from derived statives for word formation differing from semantic composition above the word level in requiring deletion operations, as in Dubinsky and Simango’s (1996) analysis. Further, such an analysis, by contrast with previous ones, both compositional (Jackson 2005b; Condoravdi and Deo 2008) and non-compositional (Dubinsky and Simango 1996), correctly predicts, as shown by a range of arguments, that the meaning of the derived stative contains the meaning of the verb it is derived from and that it therefore contrasts fundamentally with morphologically simple adjectives in the kind of meaning that it has.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/001209
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: In press in Linguistics and Philosophy
keywords: deverbal adjectives, derived statives, spatial change, result states, morphology, syntax, semantics
previous versions: v3 [February 2011]
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