Stratified reference: The common core of distributivity, aspect, and measurement
Lucas Champollion
September 2015

Why can I tell you that I ran for five minutes but not that I ''*ran to the store for five minutes''? Why can we talk about ''five pounds of books'' but not about ''*five pounds of book''? What keeps you from saying ''*sixty degrees of water'' when you can say ''sixty inches of water''? And what goes wrong when I complain that ''*all the ants in my kitchen are numerous''? The constraints on these constructions involve concepts that are generally studied separately: aspect, plural and mass reference, measurement, distributivity, and collectivity. This paper provides a unified perspective on these domains and gives a single answer to the questions above in the framework of algebraic event semantics.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/002366
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: Theoretical Linguistics (2015) vol. 41 issue 3-4, pages 109–149, Supplementary video also available at For updates to the theory discussed here, see also the reply article, "Refining stratified reference", Theoretical Linguistics (2015) vol. 41 issue 3-4, pages 223-240,, available at:
keywords: algebraic semantics, aspect, boundedness, collectivity, distributivity, mass, measurement, mereology, monotonicity, plural, partitives, telicity, semantics
previous versions: v3 [April 2015]
v2 [April 2015]
v1 [January 2015]
Downloaded:2653 times


[ edit this article | back to article list ]