Inward Bound: splitting the wh-paradigm and French relative qui
Dominique Sportiche
March 2008

Starting from Kayne’s 1976 motivation for the existence of the French que/qui rule based on the complementizer system of French relative clauses, we suggest that a closer look shows the presence of a double paradigm of wh-elements, a weak one and a strong one, much like what is found in the (strong/weak) pronominal system. Although only French is discussed in any detail, such a split seems to have much wider relevance, in other Romance languages, but also in some Germanic and Scandinavian languages. This in turn suggests that the que/qui rule (and its cognates) should be looked at differently, in particular that it should be uncoupled from constraints on subject extraction. Version differences: v2 fixed some missing references in v1.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/000623
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: A modified version is Published in Linguistic Inquiry as "French Relative Qui"
keywords: que qui relative pronouns french syntax romance weak strong clitic, syntax
previous versions: v2 [March 2008]
v1 [March 2008]
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